What is Alcohol?
The availability and social acceptance of alcohol makes it one of the most commonly consumed intoxicating substances on earth.
Alcohol Addiction Threats:
Nearly 15% of individuals who “try” alcohol develop a dependency to it, and become alcoholics. Alcohol poses major and minor threats to a number of bodily functions and organs. (Taken from Alcohol Related Harm in India Fact Sheet)
To the stomach:
- Slows down functioning and interferes with digestion
- Irritates the lining of the food pipe and stomach
- Causes gastritis and ulcer
- Increases incidence of cancer
To the Liver:
- Can lead to fatty liver (sluggishness due to accumulation of fat
- cells)and alcoholic hepatitis (jaundice- like symptoms)
- Permanent damage – cirrhosis
To the Heart:
- Interferes with normal heart rhythm
- Excessive alcohol use can: damage blood vessels, weaken heart muscles, and cause enlargement.
Alcohol Use in India:
On April 29th, 2008 Dr. Anbumani Ramadoss (Hon’ble Union Minister for Health & Family Welfare, Government of India) said alcohol has become one of the gravest public health issues.
“Alcohol is not just a health problem; it is a social and public health problem. The Government will start consultation with States soon to formulate a full-fledged Alcohol Policy which will look at ways to increase taxation in a way to cut down alcohol use, limit the number of liquor shops, and increase de-addiction sites. Under the 11th Five Year Plan there will be separate allocation for anti-alcohol advocacy”, the Minister said.
Compared to many countries in the world, India has been considered a “dry” culture. However, experts say that India’s reputation as an abstaining culture is unrealistic at this point.[ref]http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(08)61939-X/fulltext[/ref] Drinking has become more and more popular. In the last fifteen years India’s alcohol consumption has risen 171%. There are an estimated 62.5 million alcohol users in India,[ref]http://www.ias.org.uk/resources/publications/theglobe/globe200103-04/gl200103-04_p27.html[/ref], with 14 million being dependent and needing help. [ref]http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(08)61939-X/fulltext[/ref]
Alcohol Addiction Signs:
- Experiences anxiety
- Performing poorly at work
- Demonstrates poor judgment and decisions
- Displays abnormalities of skin, eyes, coordination, and/or speech pattern
- Frequently becomes ill
- Memory loss
- Develops legal and/or financial problems
Health Related: Alcohol Addiction
- Trauma, violence, organ system damage, various cancers, unsafe sexual practices, premature death and poor nutritional status of families with heavy drinking fathers are associated with alcohol use.
- Hazardous drinking was significantly associated with severe health problems such as head injuries and hospitalizations. 15 to 20% of traumatic brain injuries were related to alcohol use. Thirty seven percent of injuries in a public hospitalwas due to alcohol.
- Seventeen point six percent of psychiatric emergencies were caused by alcohol.
- Thirty four percent of those who attempted suicide were abusing alcohol.
Helpful Alcohol Addiction Articles:
More drugs like Alcohol
Crystal methamphetamine—probably better known as "crystal meth", or just "meth"—is a white crystalline drug abused by people of all ages. Meth users experience a sudden "rush" of pleasure, strong feelings of confidence, hyperactiveness and energy for as long twenty-four hours... Learn More
Charas - A Comprehensive Guide India is emerging as a country with widespread drug problems. The figures of drug abusers have leapt up, and the pattern of consuming psychoactive substances has also undergone changes over the years. The hazardous use of... Learn More
Ecstasy What is Ecstasy? For Rs 1,200 per pill, Ecstasy remains a drug primarily abused by the upper class and by those "forced" to pay the high tab due to a developed addiction to the drug. Ecstasy is the street... Learn More
Marijuana What is Marijuana? Also known as ganja, pot, herb, grass, kif, weed, Mary Jane, reefer, skunk, chronic, boom, and gangster; Marijuana is a drug commonly abused throughout India. A blend of stems, seeds, and leaves from the cannabis sativa... Learn More
Cocaine What is Cocaine? Commonly known as coke, flake snow, toot, blow, nose candy, liquid lady, speedball, crack, and rock. Derived from the coca plant, cocaine is usually sold as a fine white powder (hydrocholride salt). The powder can... Learn More